The diplomatic relations between Russia (then Soviet Union) and Nepal were established on July 20, 1956. The relations between our two countries have always been of friendly nature and never contained any contradictions. Historically they have been based on deep mutual sympathy and the similarity of our two nations' views on key global issues and challenges. Three times - in 1958, 1971 and 1976 - Nepalese Monarchs visited the Soviet Union.
On December 27, 1991, Nepal recognized the Russian Federation as the successor of the Soviet Union.
In late 1980s - early 1990s, both Russia and Nepal embarked on a path of serious political and social changes. While both nations at that period were focused mainly on the solution of their respective internal problems, the process of further development of the bilateral ties slowed down. In the middle of 1990s, Russia-Nepal relations started to revitalize proceeding from the past experience and having been adjusted to modern realities.
In December 1992, regular consultations between the two Foreign Ministries were resumed. In the follow-up to the Protocol on Inter-Foreign Ministries Consultations signed in September 1995 during the Moscow visit of Nepal's Foreign Secretary K.B.Shrestha, the consultations were held in Kathmandu (in 1997, 2000 and 2003) and Moscow (in 1998 and 2002). In October 2005, the then Minister for Foreign Affairs R.N.Pandey paid a working visit to Russia at the invitation of the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs S.V.Lavrov. In September 2006, S.V.Lavrov had a meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nepal K.P.Sharma Oli in New York on the sidelines of the 61st session of the UN General Assembly.
Contacts between the Russian and Nepalese Parliaments were renewed in the 1990s as well. In August 1997, S.B.Kalashnikov, Head of the Committee on Labour and Social Policies of the Russian State Duma, visited Nepal and handed over to R.Poudel, the then Speaker of Nepal's Parliament, a letter by the Duma's Chairman G.Seleznev proposing the recommencement of contacts. In 1998, the Nepalese parliamentarians took part in the 100th Conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in Moscow. In August 2000, the Nepal-Russian Friendship Group was established in Nepal's Parliament under the chairmanship of H.Tripathi. In the same year, a delegation of the Council of Federation of Russia's Federal Assembly led by S.B.Kara-Ool, Deputy Head of the Committee on International Affairs visited Nepal. In 2002, a delegation of the National Assembly of Nepal's Parliament led by M.Mohsin paid a reciprocal visit to Moscow. In October 2006, the Speaker of the House of Representatives S.Nemwang visited Russia.
On July 20, 2006, the Prime Minister of Russia M.E.Fradkov and the Prime Minister of Nepal G.P.Koirala as well as the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs S.V.Lavrov and the Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nepal K.P.Sharma Oli exchanged the congratulatory messages on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. In 2006, there were also some other events of great importance for the bilateral ties, including the visit of the Chief Justice of the Russian Federation V.M.Lebedev to Nepal (in March) and the visit of the Chief Justice D.K.Paudel to Russia (in December).