Information on the order of crossing the border between Russia and Belarus
According to the Federal Laws No. 114 of August 15, 1996 “On the Order of exit from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation” and No. 4730-1 of April 1, 1993 “On the State Border of the Russian Federation”, foreign citizens and stateless persons have the right to enter the Russian Federation only through legally established checkpoints with undergoing border control.
There are no checkpoints at the motor roads and railroads which cross the state border between the Russian Federation and Belarus. In this connection, no border control of persons and vehicles is exercised at the Russia-Belarus land border.
At present, all categories of foreign citizens of third countries and stateless persons are not eligible to cross the border between the Russian Federation and Belarus with the use of motor vehicles and railway transport. This regulation concerns also those foreign citizens of third countries and stateless persons who obtain visas to Russia or Belarus as well as the status of residents of these countries.
From May 2017, foreign citizens of third countries have been eligible to cross the Russia-Belarus state border by air with the use of direct flights between these states. In Russian airports, foreign citizens of third countries and stateless persons arriving from/departing for Belarus undergo border control.
It should be taken into account that foreign citizens of third countries and stateless persons travelling by air to Belarus through the territory of Russia as transit passengers have to obtain transit visas.
According to the international law and Russia’s national legislation, all categories of foreign citizens of third countries and stateless persons are eligible to exit from and enter the Russian Federation through multilateral (bilateral) checkpoints open for international communication (international flights).
The list of checkpoints at the state border of the Russian Federation is approved by the Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 2665-R of November 29, 2017.